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Galileo Spacecraft Pages

Investigation of the Magnetosphere of Ganymede with Galileo's Energetic Particle Detector
Ph.D. dissertation by Shawn M. Stone, University of Kansas, 1999.


Acuna, M. H., and N. F. Ness, The Main Magnetic Field of Jupiter, J. Geophys. Res., 81, 2917, 1976.

Acuna, M. H., J. E. P. Connerney, and N. F. Ness, The Z3 Zonal Harmonic Model of Saturn’s Magnetic Field: Analysis and Implications, J. Geophys. Res., 88, No. A11, 8771, 1983.

Acuna, M. H., J. E. P. Connerney, and N. F. Ness, Implications of the GSFC Q3 Model for Trapped Particle Motion , J. Geophys. Res., 93, No. A6, 5505, 1988.

Axford, W. I., The Interaction Between the Solar Wind and the Earth’s Magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 67, No. A10, 3791, 1962.

Beard, D. B., The Solar Wind Geomagnetic Field Boundary, Rev. Geophys., 2, No. 2, 335, 1964.

Beard, D. B., The Interactions of the Solar Wind with Planetary Magnetic Fields: Basic Principles and Observations, Planet. Space Sci., 21, 1475, 1973.

Beard, D. B., The Magnetotail Magnetic Field, J. Geophys. Res., 84, No. A5, 2118, 1979.

Behannon, K. W., Mapping of the Earth’s Bow Shock and Magnetotail by Explorer 33, J. Geophys. Res., 73, 907, 1968.

Berge, G. L., and S. Gulkis, Earth-based Radio Observations of Jupiter: Millimeter to Meter Wavelengths, in Jupiter, 621, Univ. Arizona Press, 1976.

Berko, F. W., L. J. Cahill, and T. A. Fritz, Protons as the Prime Contributors to Storm Time Ring Current, J. Geophys. Res., 80, No. A25, 3549, 1975.

Brice, N. M., and G. A. Ioannidis, The Magnetosphere of Jupiter and Earth, Icarus 13, 173, 1970.

Burke, B. F., and K. L. Franklin, Observations of a Variable Radio Source Associated with the Planet Jupiter , J. Geophys. Res., 60, 213, 1955.

Carbary, J. F., S. M. Krimigis, and W. H. Ip, Energetic Particle Microsignatures of Saturn’s Satellites, J. Geophys. Res., 88, No. A11, 8947, 1983.

Carr, T. D., and S. Gulkis, The Magnetosphere of Jupiter, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys., ed. L. Goldberg, 7, 577, 1969.

Chapman, S., and J. Bartels, Geomagnetism, vols. 1 and 2, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.

Chenette, D. L., and Leverett Davis, An analysis of the Structure of Saturn’s Magnetic Field Using Charged Particle Absorption Signatures, J. Geophys. Res., 87, No. A7, 5267, 1982.

Choe, J. Y. , D. B. Beard, and E. C. Sullivan, Precise Calculation of the Magnetosphere Surface for a Tilted Dipole, Planet. Space Sci., 21, 485, 1973.

Choe, J. Y. , and D. B. Beard, The Compressed Geomagnetic Field as a Function of Dipole Tilt, Planet. Space Sci., 22, 595, 1974.

Connerney, J. E. P., M. H. Acuna, and N. F. Ness, J. Geophys. Res., 86, No. A10, 8370, 1981.

Connerney, J. E. P., M. H. Acuna, and N. F. Ness, Zonal Harmonic Model for Saturn’s Magnetic Field from Voyager 1 and 2 Observations, Nature, 298, 44, 1982.

Connerney, J. E. P., Magnetic Fields of the Outer Planets, J. Geophys. Res., 98, No. E10, 18659, 1993.

Cravens, T. E., Physics of Solar System Plasmas, Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Davies, M. E., V. K. Abalakin, C. A. Cross, R. L. Duncombe, H. Masursky, B. Morando, T. C. Owen, P. K. Seidelmann, A. T. Sinclair, G. A. Wilkins, and Y. S. Tjuflin, Report of the IAU working Group on Cartographic Coordinate and Rotational Elements of Planets and Satellites, Celes. Mech., 22, 205, 1980.

Formisano, V., G. Moreno, and E. Amata, Relationships Among the Planetary Plasma Parameters: HEOS 1, December 1968 to December 1969, J. Geophys. Res., 79, 5109, 1974.

Frank, L. A., On the Extraterrestrial Ring Current During Geomagnetic Storms, J. Geophys. Res., 72, 3753, 1967.

Frank, L. A., K. L. Ackerson, J. A. Lee, M. R. English, and G. L. Pickett, The Plasma Instrumentation for the Galileo Mission, Space Sci. Rev., 60, 283-307, 1992.

Frank, L. A., R. Paterson, K. L. Ackerson, and S. J. Bolton, Low-Energy Electron Measurements at Ganymede with the Galileo Spacecraft: Probes of the Magnetic Topology, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, No. 17, 2159, 1997.

Freeman, J. W., The Morphology of Electron Distribution in the Outer Radiation Zone and Near the Magnetospheric Boundary as Observed by Explorer 12, J. Geophys. Res., 69, No. A9, 1691, 1964.

Goertz, C. K., The Current Sheet in Jupiter’s Magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 81, No. A19, 3368, 1976.

Gold, T., Plasma and Magnetic Fields in the Solar System, J. Geophys. Res., 64, No. A11, 1665, 1959.

Gurnett, D. A., R. R. Anderson, B. T. Tsurutani, E. J. Smith, G. Paschmann, G. Haerendel, S. J. Bame, and C. T. Russell, Plasma Wave Turbulence at the Magnetopuase: Observations From ISEE 1 and 2, J. Geophys. Res., 84, No. A12, 7043, 1979.

Gurnett, W. S. Kurth, A. Roux, S. J. Bolton, and C. F. Kennel, Evidence for a Magnetosphere at Ganymede from the Plasma-Wave Observations by the Galileo Spacecraft, Nature, 384, 535, 1996.

Hess, W. N., The Radiation Belt and Magnetosphere, Blaisdell Publishing Company, 1968.

Hess, W. N., T. J. Birmingham, and G. D. Mead, Absorption of Trapped Particles by Jupiter’s Moons, J. Geophys. Res., 79, No. A19, 2877, 1974.

Jackson, D. J., and D. B. Beard, The Magnetic Field of Mercury, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 2828, 1977.

Johnson, T. V., C. M. Yeates, and R. Y. Ong, Galileo Mission Overview, Space Sci. Reviews, 60, 3, 1992.

Kellogg, P. J., Flow of Plasma Around the Earth, J. Geophys. Res., 67, No. A10, 3805, 1962.

Kennel, C. F., and H. E. Petschek, Limit on Stably Trapped Particle Fluxes, J. Geophys. Res., 71, No. A1, 1, 1966.

Kennel, C. F., Consequences of a Magnetospheric Plasma, J. Geophys. Res., 7, No. A1, 379, 1969.

Kivelson, M. G., K. K. Khurana, J. D. Means, C. T. Russell, and R. C. Snare, The Galileo Magnetic Field Investigation, Space Sci. Reviews, 60, 357, 1992.

Kivelson, M. G., K. K. Khurana, C. T. Russell, R. J. Walker, J. Warnecke, F. V. Coroniti, C. Polanskey, D. J. Southwood, and G. Schubert, Discovery of Ganymede’s Magnetic Field by the Galileo Spacecraft, Nature, 384, 537, 1996.

Kivelson, M. G., K. K. Khurana, F. V. Coroniti, S. Joy, C. T. Russell, R. J. Walker, J. Warnecke, L. Bennett, and C. Polanskey, The Magnetic Field and Magnetosphere of Ganymede, J. Geophys. Res., 24, No. 17, 2155, 1997.

Kivelson, M. G., J. Warnecke, L. Bennett, S. Joy, K. K. Khurana, J. A. Linker, C. T. Russell, R. J. Walker, and C. Polanskey, Ganymede’s Magnetosphere: Magnetometer Overview, J. Geophys. Res., 103, No. E9, 19963, 1998.

Krimigis, S. M., T. P. Armstrong, W. I. Axford, C. O. Bostrom, C. Y. Fan, G. Gloeckler, and L. J. Lanzerotti, The Low Energy Charged Particle (LECP) Experiment on the Voyager Spacecraft, Space Sci. Rev., 21, 329, 1977.

Khurana, Krishan, Euler Potential Models of Jupiter’s Magnetospheric Field, J. Geophys. Res., 102, No. A6, 11,295, 1997.

Kovalevsky, J., I. I. Mueller, and B. Kolaczek, Reference Frames in Astronomy and Geophysics, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1989.

Kurth, W. S., D. A. Gurnett, A. Roux, and S. J. Bolton, Ganymede: A New Radio Source, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, N0. 17, 2167, 1997.

Lyons, L. R., and D. J. Williams, Quantitative Aspects of Magnetospheric Physics, Reidel Publishing, 1984.

McKibben, B., and J. E. P. Connerney, Pioneer 11 Observations of Effects of Ganymede and Callisto on Jupiter’s Trapped Radiation, J. Geophys. Res., 91, No. A10, 10975, 1986.

Mead, G. D., Deformation of the Geomagnetic Field by the Solar Wind, J. Geophys. Res., 69, No. 1181, 1964.

Mead, G. D., and W. N. Hess, Jupiter’s Raditation Belts and the Sweeping Effect of its Satellites, J. Geophys. Res., 78, No. A16, 2793, 1973.

Mogro-Campero, A., and W. Fillius, The Absorption of Trapped Particles by the Inner Satellites of Jupiter and the Radial Diffusion Coefficient of Particle Transport, J. Geophys. Res., 81, No. A7, 1289, 1976.

Neubauer, F. M., The sub-Alfvenic interaction of the Galilean Satellites with the Jovian Magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 103, No. E9, 19843, 1998.

Neugebauer, M., C. W. Snyder, Mariner 2 Observations of the Solar Wind. 1. Average Properties, J. Geophys. Res., 71, No. A19, 10975, 1966.

Ness, N. F., The Earth’s Magnetic Tail, J. Geophys. Res., 70, No. A13, 2989, 1965.

Olson, W. P., Quantitative Modeling of Magnetospheric Processes, American Geophysical Union, Washington D. C., 1979.

Parker, E. N., Dynamics of the Interplanetary Gas and Magnetic Fields, Astrophys. J., 128, 664, 1958.

Parker, E. N., Extension of the Solar Corona into Interplanetary Space, J. Geophys. Res., 64, No. A11, 1675, 1959.

Parks, G. K., Physics of Space Plasmas, Addison-Wesley, California, 1991.

Perrson, H., Electric Field along a Magnetic Line of Force in a Low-Density Plasma, Phys. Fluids, 6, 1756, 1963.

Perrson, H., Electric Field Parallel to the Magnetic Field in a Low-Density Plasma, Phys. Fluids, 9, 1090, 1966.

Roberts, C. S., Pitch-Angle Diffusion of Electrons in the Magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 7, No. A1, 305, 1969.

Shultz, M. and L. J. Lanzerotti, Particle Diffusion in the Radiation Belts, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 1974.

Simpson, J. A., T. S. Bastian, D. L. Chenette, R. B. McKibben, and K. R. Pyle, The Trapped Radiations of Saturn and Their Absorption by Satellites and Rings, J. Geophys. Res., 85, No. A11, 5731, 1980.

Sonett, C. P., and I. J. Abrams, The Distant Geomagnetic Field, J. Geophys. Res., 68, No. A5, 1233, 1963.

Sonett, C. P., L. Davis, E. J. Smith, and P. J. Coleman, Evidence for a Collision-Free Magnetohydrodynamic Shock in Interplanetary Space, Phys. Rev. Letters, 13, 153, 1964.

Stern, D. P., Euler Potentials, American J. Phys., 38, 4, 494,1970

Stern, D. P., One-Dimensional Models of Quasi-Neutral Parallel Electric Fields, J. Geophys. Res., 86, A7, 5839, 1981.

Taylor, H. E., and E. H. Hones, Adiabatic Motion of Auroral Particles on a Model of the Electric and Magnetic Fields Surrounding the Earth, J. Geophys. Res., 70, 3605, 1965.

Theodoridis, G. C., and F. R. Paolini, Pitch Angle Diffusion of Relativistic Outer Belt Electrons, Ann. Geophys., 23, 375, 1967.

Thomsen, M. F., C. K. Goertz, and J. A. Van Allen, On Determining Magnetospheric Diffusion Coefficients from the Observed Effects of Jupiter’s Satellite Io, J. Geophys. Res., 82, No. 35, 5541, 1977.

Tidman, D. A., The Earth’s Bow Shock Wave, J. Geophys. Res., 72, No. A7, 1799, 1967.

Treumann, R. A., and W. Baumjohann, Advanced Space Plasma Physics, Imperial College Press, 1997.

Tsyganenko, N. A., Modeling the Earth’s Magnetospheric Magnetic Field Confined Within a Realistic Magnetopause, J. Geophys. Res., 100, No. A4, 5599, 1995.

Van Allen, J. A., The Geomagnetically Trapped Corpuscular Radiation, J. Geophys. Res., 64, No. A11, 1683, 1959.

Van Allen, J. A., D. N. Baker, B. A. Randall, and D. D. Sentman, The Magnetosphere of Jupiter as Observed with Pioneer 10. 1. Instrument and Principle Findings, J. Geophys. Res., 79, No. A25, 3559, 1974.

Van Allen, J. A., M. F. Thomsen, and B. A. Randall, The Energetic Charged Particle Absorption Signature of Mimas, J. Geophys. Res., 85, No. A11, 5709, 1980.

Van Allen, J. A., Origins of Magnetospheric Physics, Smithsonian Institute Press, 1983.

Walt, M., Introduction to Geomagnetically Trapped Radiation, Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Williams, D. J., R. W. McEntire, S. Jaskulek, and B. Wilken, The Galileo Energetic Particle Detector, Space Sci. Rev., 60, 385, 1992.

Williams, D. J., and B. H. Mauk, Pitch Angle Diffusion at Jupiter’s Moon Ganymede, J. Geophys. Res., 102, No. A11, 24283, 1997.

Williams, D. J., B. H. Mauk, R. W. McEntire, E. C. Roelof, T. P. Armstrong, B. Wilken, J. G. Roederer, S. M. Krimigis, T. A. Fritz, L. J. Lanzerotti, and N Murphy, Energetic Particle Signatures at Ganymede: Implication for Ganymede’s Magnetic Field, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, NO. 17, 2163, 1997.

Williams, D. J., B. H. Mauk, and R. W. McEntire, Properties of Ganymede’s Magnetosphere as Revealed by Energetic Particle Observations, J. Geophys. Res., 103, No. A8, 17523, 1998.

Wolfe, J. H., R. W. Silva, and M. A. Myers, Observations of the Solar Wind During the Flight of Imp 1, J. Geophys. Res., 71, No. A5, 1319, 1966.

Wu, Y., and T. P. Armstrong, Charged Particle Response of Magnetic Deflection System for Galileo Jupiter Orbiter, Nuclear Inst. Methods Phys. Res., A265, 561, 1988.

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Updated 8/18/03, T. Hunt-Ward